Oil

Oil
   Only olive oil seems to have been used among the Hebrews. It was used for many purposes: for anointing the body or the hair (Ex. 29:7; 2 Sam. 14:2; Ps. 23:5; 92:10; 104:15; Luke 7:46); in some of the offerings (Ex. 29:40; Lev. 7:12; Num. 6:15; 15:4), but was excluded from the sin-offering (Lev. 5:11) and the jealousy-offering (Num. 5:15); for burning in lamps (Ex. 25:6; 27:20; Matt. 25:3); for medicinal purposes (Isa. 1:6; Luke 10:34; James 5:14); and for anointing the dead (Matt. 26:12; Luke 23:56).
   It was one of the most valuable products of the country (Deut. 32:13; Ezek. 16:13), and formed an article of extensive commerce with Tyre (27:17).
   The use of it was a sign of gladness (Ps. 92:10; Isa. 61:3), and its omission a token of sorrow (2 Sam. 14:2; Matt. 6:17). It was very abundant in Galilee. (See Olive.)

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Oil — (oil), n. [OE. oile, OF. oile, F. huile, fr. L. oleum; akin to Gr. ?. Cf. {Olive}.] Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, more viscous than and not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • oil — [oil] n. [ME oile < OFr < L oleum, oil, olive oil < Gr elaion, (olive) oil, akin to elaia,OLIVE] 1. any of various kinds of greasy, combustible substances obtained from animal, vegetable, and mineral sources: oils are liquid at ordinary… …   English World dictionary

  • oil — oil; oil·dom; oil·er; oil·field·er; oil·i·ly; oil·i·ness; oil·less; oil·let; oil·man; oil·om·e·ter; oil·skinned; oil·less·ness; oil·tight·ness; …   English syllables

  • oil — Ⅰ. oil UK US /ɔɪl/ noun [U] ► NATURAL RESOURCES a thick liquid that comes from under the Earth s surface and is used as a fuel and for making plastics, etc.: »More than 6,000 rigs were drilling for oil and gas. »The oil price increase is a… …   Financial and business terms

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  • oil — vb Oil, grease, lubricate, anoint, cream all mean to smear or treat with an oily, fatty, or greasy substance, but they vary greatly in their implications of the substance used and the purpose for which it is employed and in their idiomatic… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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  • oil|y — «OY lee», adjective, oil|i|er, oil|i|est. 1. of oil: »an oily smell. 2. containing oil: »an oily salad dressing …   Useful english dictionary

  • Oil — Oil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Oiling}.] To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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